Comparing Paraphrase and Summarize
Definition: Paraphrase is the restatement of a text or passage, using other words.
                                   Summarize is to state or write a brief statement about the essential ideas in a text.

Read the descriptions, as well as the cautions about writing a paraphrase or summary.
Then use the chart to compare the two
Description of a paraphrase:                                            
  • Is not necessarily shorter than the original passage                    
  • Focuses on writing a specific passage in your own words
  • Includes all the same information as the original source
Cautions when paraphrasing:
  • Make sure your wording is not too close to the original
  • Do not copy the author’s sentence structure
  • Make sure your wording doesn’t distort the original meaning
Description of a summary:                       
  • Gives an objective overview of the general ideas of a passage
  • Clearly and accurately expresses all of the author’s main ideas
  • Avoids specific descriptive details and examples
  • Includes only the main points the author made
  • Is about 60% shorter than the original passage
  • Preserves the emphasis of the original work
Cautions when summarizing:
  • Don’t misunderstand the author’s meaning, such as use of sarcasm                 
  • Make sure you use your own words
  • Do not include quotes
  • Do not include your own opinions or new ideas 
Paraphrase/Summary Comparison Chart
 Paraphrase Both  Summary
  Re-states the author’s words  
Covers a short passage   Covers a longer passage
 Includes all the points in the original passage   Includes only the main ideas of the original passage
  Uses your own words  
 Is about the same length as the original passage   Is about 60% shorter than the original passage
   Preserves the emphasis of the original passage