Paraphrasing Strategies
         Strategy 1: Use the most important words Strategy 2:  Use synonyms Strategy 3: Highlight and cross out words
 Strategy 1: Use the most important words
a. Read the information carefully.
b. Pick out and highlight the most important part of each sentence.
c. Write the information in your own words.

Example from an online aticle about contamination of food (Works Cited):

"Cross-contamination is the transfer of harmful bacteria to food from other foods, cutting boards, utensils, etc., if they are not handled properly. This is especially true when handling raw meat, poultry, and seafood, so keep these these foods and their juices away from already cooked or ready-to-eat foods and fresh produce" (FDA 1).
Possible paraphrase:
The transfer of harmful germs from one food to another is called cross-contamination, and is a major problem when handling meat and seafood.
 Strategy 2: Use synonyms
a. Use synonyms: other words that mean the same thing.
b. Look the words up in a thesaurus to find synonyms.  
    Note: Synonyms (in brackets) were not a part of the original quote.
c. Never use a word if you don’t know what it means.

Example from the Research Defense Society home page (Works Cited):

"RDS believes that research using animals should be well regulated [legally controlled], conducted humanely [in a caring manner] and only when there is no alternative [other choice]" ("Welcome to" 1).
Possible paraphrase:
Animals should be used in research only when there is no other choice, and then there should be specific legal controls and the animals should be treated in a caring manner.
 Strategy 3:  Highlight and cross out words
If you are having trouble figuring out what is most important:
a. Go through the information and cross out all the words with 4 letters or fewer and unimportant words, such as connectors.
b. Circle or highlight the words that seem most important.
c. Consider nouns and verbs as more important than adjectives and adverbs.
d. Put in synonyms to help you write in your own words. Use the thesaurus, if needed. 
    Note: Synonyms (in brackets) were not a part of the original quote.

Example from an online article about skin cancer (Works Cited):

"Very simply, sunburn and UV light [harmful rays from the sun] can damage [harm]your skin, and this damage can lead to skin cancer. There are of course other determining factors, including your heredity [characteristics from parents] and the environment [surroundings you live in] you live in. However, both the total amount of sun received over the years, and overexposure resulting in sunburn can cause skin cancer. Most people receive 80% of their lifetime exposure to the sun by 18 years of age. The message to parents from this is to protect your children" ("Introduction to" 1).

Possible paraphrase:
Getting skin cancer can be affected by the characteristics you inherit from your parents and by the surroundings you live in, but the biggest risk is harmful rays from the sun. Parents should make sure their children are protected, since 80% of the harmful sun rays are received by the time kids are 18 years old.
 Works Cited
 "Introduction to Skin Cancer." South Seas Trading Company. 1999. 20 Sept. 2005.

USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service. "Be Smart. Keep Foods Apart. Don't Cross-contaminate." Fact Sheets. U.S. Department of

     Agriculture. 30 June 2005. 20 Sept. 2005 .

"Welcome to RDS Online." Understanding Animal Research. Research Defense Society. 2005. 20 Sept. 2005 .

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