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Speech Guidelines
Use these strategies to plan and present an effective speech.
Planning a speech Parts of a speech Visuals Speech presentation
 Planning a speech
General Content
  • Give listeners information they don't know
  • Give listeners new insights -- cause them to look at the issue from a different perspective
  • Make sure what you present relates to the characteristics of your audience
  • Be careful of using slang words
  • Explain terms audience may not know
Information
  • Do thorough research on your topic
  • Make sure statistics are reliable and up-to-date
  • Make sure quotes are from short, to the point, and come from experts in the field
  • Cite experts to add authority
Organization
  • Make sure you have a clear focus
  • Make 3-5 good points
  • Include good support for each point made
  • Use repetition to reinforce your main points: listeners can't go back to re-read what was already said
  • Consider using short phrases for dramatic effect
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 Parts of a speech
 Beginning:    Getting attention and arousing interest in your topic

                        Use a 'hook' -- something to grab the attention of the listeners

Try one or more of these ideas:
Try beginning with an open-ended question to get the audience thinking
  • Include humor
  • Tell an appropriate story
  • Try rapid-fire examples
  • Include a quotation
  • Use a startling statement
Body: Maintaining the attention of the listener
  • Demonstrate extent of problem
  • Demonstrate effects of problem -- how people are affected
  • Paint a visual picture
  • Re-state ideas throughout the body of the speech to keep them in the mind of the listeners
  • Include transitions from one to another of your 3-5 main points
  • Paint an opposite terrible scenario
  • Each idea should have supporting information
Conclusion
  • Re-state main idea
  • Summarize
  • Call to action
  • Give a feeling of finality
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 Visuals
  • Include lettering large enough to be easily read by audience
  • Make sure images are clear and large enough to be easily distinguished by audience
  • Visuals should compliment rather than take away from what you are saying
  • Do not stand between the visuals and the audience
  • Know the aid well -- don't study it as you speak
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Speech Presentation
Voice
  • Make sure your voice projects to the back of the room so all can hear well
  • Speak with confidence
  • Increase volume and intensity to emphasize important points
  • Pronounce each word clearly and distinctly
  • Make sure to clearly pronounce ending consonants on words
  • Speak more slowly and distinctly than in everyday conversation
  • Vary your pace and inflection
  • Speak toward the audience, not down toward notes or toward visual aids
  • Avoid over-use of the following: um, like, OK, well, all right
Make good use of pauses
  • Use short pauses to separate your thoughts
  • Add pauses to allow time for the audience to stop and reflect
  • Pause slightly before and after unfamiliar or important terms
  • Use longer pauses for dramatic effect
  • Pause wheneveer the audience laughs, and continue speaking when you can be heard
Eye contact
  • Sweep your eyes throughout the entire audience
  • Look directlly at various persons for 3 seconds at a time
  • Make your eye contact sincere
  • Use eye contact to make each audience member feel involved
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Body language
  • Use basic speaking stance: standing straight, feet about a foot apart, weight evenly distributed
  • When you walk around, do it for a planned purpose
  • Be cautious about too many distracting hand gestures -- use them to good effect
  • In general, the larger the audience, the slower the gestures should be
  • Avoid too much of the following:
          • pointing
          • hands in pockets
          • hand on hips
          • rocking on heels
          • jiggling up and down
          • playing with jewelry or hair
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