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Citations: MLA 8th edition 

Citations: MLA 7th edition  --  Writing a Works Cited Page

Definition: An alphabetized list of works cited, which appears at the end of your research paper,
                    that gives publication information for each of the sources you have cited in the paper.

 

Instructions: Click on a link for guidelines to your Works cited entry (7th ed.)
 Biography  or link directly to:  or link directly to:  or link directly to:
 College and Career Book Part of Web site DVD or Video
 Encyclopedias Encyclopedia Article TV or Radio Program
 Literature Newspaper Article Newspaper Article on Web site
 Magazines, etc.  Magazine Article Online eBook  
 Newspapers Journal Article Part of Online Book Other:
 Science Pamphlet Image From Web site Interviews
 Social Science   E-mail, personal Lecture/Speech
 

Link to Information for citing uncommon types of entries 

MLA Citation Makers
Enter the source information and these sites will automatically create MLA citations for you.

http://www.bibme.org/
http://www.citationmachine.net/
http://www.easybib.com/​
http://www.calvin.edu/library/knightcite/index.php

 
General Works Cited information

 

  • Include a citation for every in-text reference (parenthetical notation) used in the body of the project
  • You will have entries in your working bibliography that you end up not referring to in your project, and they will be left out of the Works Cited
  • The Works Cited begins on a new page, with the title centered
  • The entire Works Cited is double spaced, with no additional spaces between entries
  • If an entry runs more than one line, use the hanging indent format where the entry begins at the margin and each line after the first is indented one-half inch
  • The entire Works Cited is alphabetized by the main entry           
  • When no author is listed, the main entry (the first thing listed) is the title, ignoring 'A,' 'An' and 'The.'  All entries are alphabetized together in the same list

Guidelines for the Dist. 214 Online Subscription Databases and Reference Materials

Find MLA citation examples on the 214 Library Resources page:
For citation entries from articles in subscription databases and virtual reference books, use the links next to the headings on the 214 Library Resources page.

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Guidelines for Print Resources
Book
 
What to include:
Author Last Name, First. Book Title. City: Publisher, Copyright date. Print.
   
Sample citation:
one author
Paterson, James. Maximum Ride: The Angel Experiment. New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2005. Print.
   
Sample citation:
two authors
O'Neill, Nena, and George O'Neill. Finding Security in a Changing World. New York: Follett, 1993. Print.
   
What to include:
article in book with editor
Author Last Name, First. "Title of Article." Title of Book. Editors. City: Publisher, Year. Page Numbers. Print.
   
Sample citation:
article in book with editor
Nord, Warren A. "Public Schools Should Teach Religious Studies." Education in America: Opposing Viewpoints. Ed. David L. Bender and Bruno Leone. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2000. 189-96. Print.


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Encyclopedia Article
 
What to include:
Author Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title." Title of Encyclopedia. Edition (if available). Copyright. date ed. Print.
   
Sample Citation:
 
Vinetz, Joseph M. "Malaria." World Book Encyclopedia. 2005 ed. Print.
   
Less Familiar Encyclopedia
What to include:
Author Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title." Title of Encyclopedia. Editor. Number of volumes. City: Publisher, Copyright date. Print.
   
Sample Citation:

"Newton, Isaac ." The Biographical Dictionary of Scientists. Ed. Roy Paker and Marilyn Ogilvie. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print.

Newspaper Article
 
What to include:
Author Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title." Title of Newspaper [City needed, if not in title] Publishing date, edition (if given, abbreviate ed), section letter or number: page. (if more than one page, add plus (+) sign. Print.
   
Sample Citation:
Holmes, Erin. "Dueling Web Sites Debate Books." Daily Herald [Chicago] 5 Oct. 2006, Northwest Focus ed. sec. 1: 1+. Print.


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Magazine Article
 
What to include:
Author Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title." Magazine Title Copyright date: pages. Print. 
   
Sample Citation:
Gibbs, Nancy, and Mike Allen. "A Time to Regroup." Time 7 Nov. 2005: 24-31. Print.


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Professional Journal Article
What to include:
Author Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title." Journal Title Volume.Issue (Copyright year): pages. Print.
   
Sample Citation:
Wood, Michael. "Broken Dates: Fiction and the Century." Kenyon Review 22.3 (2000): 50-64. Print.
   


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Pamphlet
 
What to include:
Author or publishing Organization. Pamphlet Title. City of publication: Publisher, Date. Print.
   
Sample Citation:
Triad High School Library Media Center. Policies and Services. Troy: 2007. Print.
   
Pamphlet from Government Printing Office
What to include:
United States. Agency name. Pamphlet Title. Washington: Government Printing Office (GPO), Date. Print.
   
Sample Citation:
United States. Social Security Administration. Your Social Security Number. Washington: GPO, 1993. Print.
 
 
 

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Guidelines for Online Resources
 
Note: URL addresses are optional, but your teacher may require you to add it at the end of the citation,
after date of access, enclosed in <angle brackets>.

 
 
Part of a Web Site
 
What to include:
Author/Editor Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title/Page Name." Name of Web Site. Date of publication on Web site or latest revision date. Name of Sponsoring Organization. Web. Date of access.
   
Sample Citation:
"Timeline: The Life and Death of Jesse James, 1820-1865." Jesse James. 2006. American Experience. PBS Online. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Professional Journal Article Online
What to include:
Author Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title." Magazine Title Vol. number: Issue (Copyright date): pages. Name of Web Site. Date of publication on Web site or latest revision date. Name of Sponsoring Organization. Web. Date of access. 
   
Sample Citation:
Stern, Peter and John Travis. "Of Bytes and Brains." Science 314: 5796 (2006): 75. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Newspaper Article Online
What to include:
Author Last Name, First (if available). "Article Title." Title of Newspaper Copyright/Publishing date. Web. Date of access.
   
Sample Citation:
Mason, Jeff. "UN panel issues stark climate change warning." Washington Post 6 April 2007. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Online eBook
 
What to include:
Author Last Name, First. "Article Title." Book Title. City: Publisher, Copyright date. Name of Web Site. Web. Date of access. 
   
Sample Citation:
Hood, Roger D. "Abolition and Retention: A Regonal Analysis." The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. Google Books. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Part of an Online eBook
 
What to include:
Author Last Name, First. "Article Title." Book Title. by Book Author. City: Publisher, Copyright date. Name of Web Site. City: Publisher, Copyright date. Web. Date of access.
   
Sample Citation:
Reiman, Jeffrey. "Why the Death Penalty Should be Abolished in America." The Death Penalty: For and Against. by Louis P. Pojman and Jeffery Rieman. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998. Google Books. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Image from Web Site
 
What to include:
Photographer Last Name, First (if available). Image Title. Image. Copyright date. "Title of Web Page." Title of Web Site. Name of Sponsoring Organization. Date of publication on Web site or latest revision date. Web. Date of access.
   
Sample Citation:

Wildcat. Image. 18 Sept. 2002. "Hearing From God." Angus's Personal Website. Angus Cook. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.

   
Sample Citation:

Escher, M.C. Mobius Parade of Ants. Image. 29 Sept. 2006. "The Mobius Strip." Department of Mathematics. Bellevue Community College. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.


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E-mail, Personal
 
What to include:
Last Name, First of the writer. "Title of message from subject line." Description of message including the recipient. Date of message. E-mail.
   
Sample Citation:
Kellner, Steve. "Information literacy." Message to the author. 25 Mar. 2007. E-mail.
 

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Guidelines for Media Resources
DVD or Videotape
 
 What to include:
Title. Names, such as director (Dir.) writer (Screenplay by) Performers (Perf.). Original release date. Distributor, Year of media release. Media type.
   
 Sample Citation:
 High Fidelity. Dir. Stephen Frears.  Perf. John Cusack, Iben Hjejle, Jack Black, and Todd Louiso. 2000. Walt Disney Video, 2001. Videocassette.


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Television or Radio Program
What to include:
"Title of Segment." Names, such as director (Dir.) writer (By) Performers (Perf.) host (Host). Title of Show. Network, Call letters of Local Station, City, Date of broadcast. Medium.
   
Sample Citation:
"Yes...But is it Art?" Narr. Morley Safer. Sixty Minutes. CBS. WCBS, New York, 19 Sept. 1999. Television.

 

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Sound Recording
 
What to include:
Last Name, First of person being emphasized, such as composer (Comp.) conductor (Cond.) or performer (Perf.). Title of Recording. Artists. Manufacturer, Copyright date. Recording type.
   
Sample Citation:
Verdi, Guiseppe. "O Patria Mia." Aida Highlights. Cond. Erich Leinsdorf. Perf. Leontyne Price, Grace Bumbry, Placido Domingo, and Sherrill Milnes. London Symphony Orchestra. RCA, 1970. MP3 file.
Personal or Telephone Interview of an Individual
What to include:
Last Name, First of person interviewed. Type of interview (Personal, Telephone, email). Date of interview.
   
Sample Citation:
Schuler, David. Personal interview. 6 Oct. 2006.
Lecture or Speech by an Individual
What to include:
Last Name, First of person speaking. "Title of Presentation." Sponsoring Organization. Location. Date of presentation. Descriptive label.
   
Sample Citation:
Meyer, Lesa. "China During the 1700s." Rolling Meadows High School. Rolling Meadows, IL. 18 Sept. 2008. Lecture.
Information for Uncommon Types of Entries
 
2 or 3 authors more than one book by the same author
no author, but there is an editor more than one city listed under the publisher
2 or 3 editors book lists an edition number
more than 3 authors or editors book is a part of a multi-volume set
no author listed, but a company is abbreviations for months
no author listed at all  

 

What if the book or article has 2 or 3 authors?
     You would use the author listed first as the main entry, last name first. Then add the additional author(s) listed with first name followed by last name in the order given in the book, with commas between and the word 'and' before the last one.
Example: 

     Smith, John, and Sue Miller.
     Smith, John, Sue Miller, and Tom Jones.

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What if the book has no author, but there is an editor?
     You would list the editor as the main entry instead of the author, followed by 'ed.'

Example:
     Smith, John, ed.
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What if there are 2 or 3 editors?
     You would use the first editor listed as the main entry, followed by the additional names in the order given in the book, first name followed by last name, and 'eds.' after all.

 Example: 
     Smith, John, Sue Miller, and Tom Jones, eds.
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What if there are more than 3 authors or editors?
     You would use the first author or editor listed as the main entry, followed by the words 'et al.'

Example: 
     Smith, John, et. al. [3 or more authors]
     Smith, John, et. al., eds. [3 or more editors]
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What if no specific author is listed, but a company is?
     You would use the Company's name as the main entry.
Example: American Medical Association.           

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What if no author is listed at all?              
     You would use the title of the book or article as the main entry, where the author would normally be. Omit 'A,' 'An,' and 'The' at the beginning of the title.   The entry would be arranged alphabetically with all the other citations.    [Note: Do not list 'Anonymous' as the author.]
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What if the Works Cited has more than one book by the same author?
     You would list two of them alphabetically by the title. The first book would be entered as usual. For the second book, the author's name would be left out, with 3 hyphens instead, followed by a period. The name should be repeated in full if it is part of a different authorship, such as a book co-authored.

  Example: 
     Smith, John. Book Title 1 Alphabetically. City: Publisher, Date.
     ---. Second Book Title Alphabetically. City: Publisher, Date.
         Smith, John, and Sue Miller. Book Title. City: Publisher, Date. [alphabetized after those with Smith as the only author]
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What if there is more than one city listed under the publisher?         
     You would use the first one listed.
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What if the book lists an edition number?              
     You would list the edition information after the title, or, if an editor appears after the title, after the editor's name.   Use an abbreviation of the wording on the title page of the book, as shown below.
4th ed.
for Fourth edition
Rev. ed.
for Revised edition
Abr. ed.
for Abridged edition
Example: 
     Smith, John. Book Title. 4th ed. City: Publisher, Date.
 

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What if the book is a part of a multi-volume set?
     You would list the volume number of the volume you used after the title or, if an editor appears after the title, after the editor's name.

  Example: 

Author last, First. Book Title. Vol. 3. City: Publisher, Date.
Author last, First. Book Title. Ed. Vol. 3. City: Publisher, Date.

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What abbreviations are used for the names of months?
[Remember that the day is listed before the month. Example: 12 Nov 2006.]
Jan. Feb. Mar.
Apr. May June
July Aug. Sept.
Oct. Nov. Dec.


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Note: These pages reflect the 2009 7th edition of the MLA Handbook.


      Last updated 2012 by District 214 staff